Introduction Wearable Computing is an emerging discipline that has attracted attention from researchers and industry alike [Boeing ]. The combination of augmented-reality, mobility, and hands-free operation promises valuable computer support in areas with currently low deployment of computer technology.
The healthcare sector provides an excellent example of the way in which the future billions of IoT devices will introduce disruptive transformation and new paradigms.
A large number of relevant wearable devices are already available in the market such as activity trackers, smartwatches e. The concept of such devices has been around for several years prior to the rise of the IoT paradigm, as prosthetics that were destined to replace missing body parts or even to provide support to organs and tissues.
Therefore, implants were typically made from skin, bone and other body tissues, or from materials e. Impressive examples of implant devices are: With the advent of IoT medical devices transforming healthcare, implant devices can also become connected and deliver information to cloud computing infrastructures and other applications.
In this way, they can become part of the IoT infrastructure and enable the transmission of medical data from the patient to the practitioner on a regular basis. Moreover, with IoT implants patients no longer need to visit their doctor in order download data from their device or even in order to configure the operation of the implant device.
For example, by enhancing devices such as the electronic chip for vision restoration outlined above with a small handheld wireless power supply, one can adjust the sensitivity, contrast and frequency as needed in order to yield optimal performance of the device for different environmental settings e.
One of the main reasons is that the development and deployment of implants is associated with several challenges and risks. In particular, implants are associated with surgical risks concerning their placement and removal processes.
Although generally safe, these processes could lead to infections or even implant failures, which makes patients reluctant to adopt them. Moreover, several patients have reported allergies and reactions to the materials comprising the implant devices.
Beyond these adoption challenges, there are also IoT technological challenges associated with the need to understand and optimize the placement and operation of the device.
For example, there is a need to optimize radio communications between the implanted device and the receiving devices where the information of the implant is destined. In this respect, low power operation is very important as a result of the need to economize on power capacity, while at the same time complying with applicable laws and regulations, including security and safety regulations.
From a technology viewpoint, implant solutions have to resolve trade-offs associated with efficiency and accuracy against antenna size, power use, operating bandwidth and materials costs. Moreover, implant devices should be appropriate for various body and skin morphologies, while at the same time offering security and data protection features that render them immune to malicious parties that may attempt to compromise their operation.
The above-listed factors render the design of cost-effective implants that adhere to regulations and optimize their operation very challenging. In order to alleviate these challenges, vendors and integrators of IoT implants resort to simulation.
Simulation is an ideal tool for modelling the operation of the device and understanding its communication with the body and other devices of the surrounding environment such as gateways or even other implant devices.
Furthermore, vendors are implementing services that aim at increasing the operational efficiency of the devices, such as preventive or predictive maintenance of the device, as well as remote diagnostics and software upgrades e.
The last batch of challenges concerns the important business issues with IoT medical devices transforming healthcare, especially implants, which are not confined to selling devices. Specifically, vendors and integrators of IoT implants need to find novel ways and business models for sharing their data with healthcare services providers and other stakeholders, while at the same time creating new value chains in collaboration with other device vendors, health professionals, home care services providers and other business actors.
Implant IoT medical devices are here and expected to play a significant role in the on-going IoT-driven transformation of the healthcare landscape.
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Summary IoMT - Wireless Implants and Mobile Wearable Medical Devices Transforming Healthcare Description IoT medical devices transforming healthcare can be connected and deliver information to cloud computing infrastructures enabling the transmission of medical data from the patient to the practitioner.A less widely known class of wearable IoT medical devices transforming healthcare are implant devices, i.e.
devices that are placed inside or on the surface of the human body. The concept of such devices has been around for several years prior to the rise of the IoT paradigm, as prosthetics that were destined to replace missing body parts or even to provide support to organs and tissues.
Human Centered Computing (HCC) is an emerging field that aims at bridging the existing gaps between the various disciplines involved with the design and implementation of computing systems that support people's activities.
HCC aims at tightly integrating human sciences (e.g. social and cognitive) and computer science (e.g.
human-computer inter-. Track Description. A few years back, we perceived the rapid uptake of digital and mobile media to be an interesting phenomenon. Today, these technologies have permeated our lives to an unprecedented degree and the interplay of people, data, and things is evolving at an increasingly fast pace.
Makerspace Materials Item Description Website Makey Makey an invention kit for the 21st century. Turn everyday objects into touchpads and combine them with the internet.
To show or hide the keywords and abstract of a paper (if available), click on the paper title Open all abstracts Close all abstracts. Wearable computting is a frame work for enabling various degrees of each of these three fundamental modes.
Attributes of wearable computing UNMONOPOLIZING of the user¶s attention.