Two ideas that prevailed in ancient Egypt came to exert great influence on the concept of death in other cultures. The first was the notion, epitomized in the Osirian myth, of a dying and rising saviour god who could confer on devotees the… Nature and significance Egyptian religious beliefs and practices were closely integrated into Egyptian society of the historical period from c. Although there were probably many survivals from prehistory, these may be relatively unimportant for understanding later times, because the transformation that established the Egyptian state created a new context for religion.
Arab Republic of Egypt Previously: The United Arab Republic. The Egyptian Kingdom Orientation Identification. Egypt is the internationally used name but not the name used by the people of the country. It derives from the Greek Aegyptos, which in turn probably comes from ancient Egyptian words referring to the land Hut-ka-ptah, or "house of the essence [ka] of Ptah," a local god.
Western names derive from this, as does the word "Copt" in Arabic, qibt. In Arabic, the name is Misr. This name is older than the Muslim conquest, but is attested to in the Koran. It can refer to either the whole country or the capital city.
The name itself is an icon, spoken, written, or sung. The population of Egypt is relatively homogeneous. The overwhelming majority over 90 percent are Arabic-speaking Sunni Muslims. About 6 percent are Christians, who are indistinguishable in other respects from the Muslims.
Most of the Christians belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church, the historic church of Egypt, but minorities within the minority are Catholic or Protestant, or derive from the churches of the Levant Maronite, Greek Orthodox, Greek Catholic. There are a few small linguistic minorities, of which the largest is the Nubians, who speak two Nubian languages Kenuz and Mahas related to the Nilo-Saharan languages of the Sudan.
Other linguistic minorities include a few thousand Berber speakers in Siwa oasis, the easternmost outpost of Berber speech, and the small population of Beja Ababda and Bisharin in the eastern desert east of Aswan.
All these groups are Muslim. There are also urban linguistic enclaves of Armenians, Greeks, Italians, and others. Another urban enclave was the Jews, now largely emigrated, who spoke either Arabic or various European languages. The urban minorities were much larger before the middle of the twentieth century.
Egypt has an area ofsquare miles 1, square kilometers. The country is separated from its neighbors by either ocean or sparsely populated desert. To the north is the Mediterranean Sea, and to the east the Red Sea.
Egypt is separated from Libya and North Africa by the western desert, from Palestine and Israel by the desert of the Sinai Peninsula, and from the centers of population in the Sudan by desert except along the narrow Nile River.
The highest point is Mount Catherine in the Sinai, at 8, feet 2, meters. Egypt is the gift of the Nile.
Rainfall is not adequate to sustain agriculture or a settled population, and water instead comes from the Nile. After the dam, the Nile continues to flow north in a single channel paralleled by irrigation canals until it reaches Cairo, miles kilometers away.
North of Cairo, the Nile Delta begins. The Nile breaks into two main channels, the western Rosetta branch and the eastern Damietta branch, for the final miles kilometers before the water reaches the Mediterranean.
The Nile receives about 85 percent of its water from the Ethiopian highlands. Egyptians then practiced a form of recession agriculture, planting winter crops in the mud left behind by the receding river. In the twentieth century, people have increased their control of the river.
Control of the Nile has made it possible to cultivate year round.Mayan History. The Maya are probably the best-known of the classical civilizations of Mesoamerica. Originating in the Yucatan around B.C., they rose to prominence around A.D.
in present-day southern Mexico, Guatemala, western Honduras, El Salvador, and northern Belize. Egyptian civilization has flourished continuously since prehistoric times. While the civilization's rulers, writing, natural climate, religion and borders have changed many times over the.
BECK index Sumer, Babylon, and Hittites. by Sanderson Beck. Sumer Sargon the Akkadian Sumerian Revival Sumerian Literature Epic of Gilgamesh Isin, Larsa, Eshnunna, Mari, Assur, and Babylon. Some may regard the civilization of Egypt under the Ptolemies as being more Greek than Egyptian, but the older civilization was still vital enough for the kings to feel the need to present themselves to their subjects in the traditional style of the pharaohs.
Gloves and their significance through history and fashion dating back to ancient societies. Part 1 of 2. The Maya refer to both a modern-day people who can be found all over the world as well as their ancestors who built an ancient civilization that stretched throughout much of Central America, one.