Nicholas Hookway Journal of Sociology http: Critiquing the legacy of sagepub. Three specific assumptions are identified and critiqued:
Contents[ edit ] Putnam discusses ways in which Americans have disengaged from political involvement including decreased voter turnout, public meeting attendance, serving on committees, and working with political parties.
Putnam also cites Americans' growing distrust in their government. Putnam accepts the possibility that this lack of trust could be attributed to "the long litany of political tragedies and scandals since the s",  but believes that this explanation is limited when viewing it alongside other "trends in civic engagement of a wider sort".
Although the number of people who bowl has increased in the last 20 years, the number of people who bowl in leagues has decreased.
If people bowl alone, they do not participate in social interaction and civic discussions that might occur in a league environment.
This data shows an aggregate decline in membership of traditional civic organizations, supporting his thesis that U. He then asks the obvious question "Why is US social capital eroding?
Instead, he suggests the main cause is technology "individualizing" people's leisure time via television and the Internetsuspecting that " virtual reality helmets" will carry this further in future. Fischer, a sociology professor from the University of Californiagave a positive review.
Although he pointed out a few exaggerations and felt that economic capital was an awkward metaphor, he nevertheless called it "a pin strike, a major contribution to study of social networks and social cohesion" with particular praise for its wide use of data. Journalist Nicholas Lemann proposed that rather than declining, civic activity in the US during the s assumed different forms.
Instead of bowling leagues, parents integrated themselves into social networks and contribute to the social capital e. The Collapse and Revival of American Community.Although the decline-of-community thesis has received considerable attention from urban sociologists, most of the empirical evidence brought to bear on the thesis has been cross-sectional rather than longitudinal.
In the present study this deficiency is overcome. To summarise the decline thesis, the breakdown of fam- ily life is thought to lead to the breakdown of community life, as strong families are seen as the foundation of strong. According to the decline thesis, the changes that have occurred within family life have undermined community life.
Using data from a national random survey of Australian adults we explore this claim in the Australian context. The Decline of American Cities, for example, is not a thesis statement but a title. In fact, it isn’t a sentence, and a In fact, it isn’t a sentence, and a thesis statement must be a complete sentence.
“y subject is the decline of American cities” is not a thesis. This assumption is also explicit in the two perspectives of moral decline, focused as they are on the negative moral consequences of weakening tradition, religious authority and community.
This criticism is particularly relevant to the communitarian agenda of Bellah (), Etzioni () and MacIntyre (). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community is a nonfiction book by Robert D.
Putnam. It was developed from his essay entitled " .