When the ship Gulliver is traveling on is destroyed in a storm, Gulliver ends up on the island of Lilliput, where he awakes to find that he has been captured by Lilliputians, very small people — approximately six inches in height. Gulliver is treated with compassion and concern. In turn, he helps them solve some of their problems, especially their conflict with their enemy, Blefuscu, an island across the bay from them.
His hatred is brought out in this caustic political and social satire aimed at the English people, humanity in general, and the Whigs in particular.
By means of a disarming simplicity of style and of careful attention to detail in order to heighten the effect of the narrative, Swift produced one of the outstanding pieces of satire in world literature.
Swift himself attempted to conceal his authorship of the book under its original title: Gulliver is a decent sort of person: He is a scientist, a trained doctor, and, as any good scientist should, he loves detail. His literal-minded attitude makes him a keen observer of the world around him.
Furthermore, he is, like another famous novel character of the eighteenth century—Robinson Crusoe—encouragingly resourceful in emergencies. Why is it, then, that such a seemingly admirable, even heroic character, should become, in the end, an embittered misanthrope, hating the world and turning against everyone, including people who show him kindness?
The answer lies in what Swift meant for his character to be, and Gulliver was certainly not intended to be heroic.
The novel is a satire, and Gulliver is a mask for Swift the satirist. Swift, on the contrary, believed that such values were dangerous, and that to put such complete faith in the material world, as scientific Gulliver did, was folly.
Gulliver is a product of his age, and he is intended as a character to demonstrate the weakness underlying the values of the Enlightenment—the failure to recognize the power of the irrational. In it Gulliver complains, for example, that the wives of the scientists he is observing run away with the servants.
The fact is that Gulliver—himself a scientist—gives little thought to the well-being of his own wife. Satire as a literary form tends to be ironic; the author says one thing but means another.
Consequently, readers can assume that much of what Gulliver observes as good and much of what he thinks and does are not what Swift thinks.
As a type of the eighteenth century, Gulliver exhibits its major values: The Lilliputians, averaging not quite six inches in height, display the pettiness and the smallness Swift detected in much that motivates human institutions such as church and state. It is petty religious problems that lead to continual war in Lilliput.
The Brobdingnagians continue the satire in part 2 by exaggerating human grossness through their enlarged size.
Swift divided human measurements by a twelfth for the Lilliputians and multiplied by twelve for the Brobdingnagians. The tiny people of part 1 and the giants of part 2 establish a pattern of contrasts that Swift follows in part 4 with the Houyhnhnms and the Yahoos. The Houyhnhnms, completing the other half of the split, know no lust, pain, or pleasure.
Their rational temperaments totally rule what passions they have. The land of the Houyhnhnms is a utopia to Gulliver, and he tells the horse people that his homeland is unfortunately governed by Yahoos. The reader who takes all of this at face value misses much of the satire.Gulliver's Travels – Innocent Nature Essay - Gulliver's Travels – Innocent Nature I disagree that Gulliver is a naive narrator and therefore doesn't see a connection between knowledge and .
Written in the form of a travel journal, Gulliver's Travels is the fictional account of four extraordinary voyages made by Lemuel Gulliver, a physician who signs on to serve as a ship's surgeon. Gulliver's Travels: A Journey of Self-Discovery Essay. themes in Gulliver's Travels is the journey of self-discovery.
Gulliver starts out his expedition as an ambitious, practical, and optimistic character who appreciates mankind however, by the end of the voyage he develops an overt hatred towards humanity.
Gulliver's Travels: Summary Many of the critics who have critiqued Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels have used the word extraneous more then once. Swift was . Gulliver's Travels: Summary Essay Gulliver's Travels: Summary Many of the critics who have critiqued Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels have used the word extraneous more then once.
Swift was viewed as an insane person who was a failure in life. But this is far from the truth. Written in the form of a travel journal, Gulliver's Travels is the fictional account of four extraordinary voyages made by Lemuel Gulliver, a physician who signs on to serve as a ship's surgeon.