Race, Crime, and Punishment Just as conscious and unconscious racial notions helped define the drug problem, they have also helped shape political and policy responses to that problem. The legislative history of federal crack sentencing laws, for example, provides reason "to suspect that regardless of the objectives Congress was pursuing, it would have shown more restraint in fashioning the crack penalties or more interest in amending them in ensuing years, if the penalties did not apply almost exclusively to blacks. Politicians have been able to reap the electoral rewards of endorsing harsh drug policies because the group that suffered most from those policies-black Americans-lacked the numbers to use the political process to secure a different strategy. It could have restricted prison to only the most serious drug offenders e.
Covering an area of more than 25 hectares about 62 acresit arose as a complex of structures for accommodating 1, inmates that included many open areas. In addition to the prison buildings themselves, the red brick complex included administration buildings, service buildings, numerous work sheds, a prison infirmary, a chapel, and housing for prison staff.
There was a significant difference between German penitentiaries and prisons. The penitentiaries were characterized by strict isolation and disciplinary measures, whereas prison inmates were generally convicts serving shorter sentences under less severe conditions.
During the war increasing numbers of foreigners were incarcerated who had been deported to Germany as forced laborers. Untilonly murder and Harsh prison sentences felonies involving explosives were punishable by death; by25 offenses involve capital punishment.
From on, under the wartime special criminal law, the death penalty threatened even those charged with minor offenses. Thirty-seven persons were murdered with the new machine during the remainder of ; 56 were murdered inand 95 in The condemned prisoners were kept in the large cell block building House III directly adjacent to the execution shed.
In latethe execution chamber was fitted with a steel beam to which eight iron hooks were fastened. This gallows was then used for hangings. The first to die here were members of the resistance organization known as the Red Orchestra. Later they were followed by resistance fighters involved in the attempted coup of July 20, The executioners receive an annual salary of 3, Reichsmarks and a special bonus of 60 Reichsmarks for each execution, which was later raised to 65 Reichsmarks.
The other victims were sentenced to death by the Reich Military Court; other military courts; but also the Reich Court, the appellate court, or other state courts. About half of those executed were Germans, most of whom were sentenced to death for acts of resistance against the lawless National Socialist state.
The judicial system was even more ruthless against foreigners convicted of a crime. Six hundred seventy-seven executed prisoners were from Czechoslovakia alone, which Germany occupied in Two hundred fifty-three death sentences were carried out against Poles, and against French citizens.
These people included both members of resistance organizations and people who were deported to Germany for forced labor.
As during every air raid, the prisoners remain locked in their cells without any defense against direct hits. Part of the large cell block building House III was destroyed. Many of the cell doors were torn open by the force of the explosions and, in the general confusion, four prisoners awaiting execution were able to escape.
On September 3,immediately before the heavy air raid on Berlin, Hitler complained to the Reich minister of justice about the long time involved in completing clemency proceedings. The Reich Ministry of Justice received the names of prisoners sentenced to death by telephone on September 7, As Justice Minister Otto Thierack was away on official business, his state secretary Curt Rothenberger reviewed the cases and ruled on the clemency proceedings without waiting for the usual depositions.
In the night of September, alone, people died in this manner. Reich Justice Minister Otto Thierack learned of the atrocious matter shortly thereafter. He had it covered up and ordered the mass executions to continue. More than people were murdered between September 7 and 12,among them German, French, and especially Czech prisoners.Vietnamese authorities should reverse the convictions of three young labor activists sentenced to long prison terms, Human Rights Watch said today.
The three were arrested in February for. Free Essay: Harsh prison sentences will prevent people from committing crime “The only reason for a prison is to put away people who are violent while.
Many states have shortened prison time for drug crimes, and the federal system is inching toward doing the same, with new guidelines that will be effective Nov.
1 and retroactive releases starting. We are the nation's leader in sentence reduction strategies, mitigation and early release assistance.
We assist with RDAP, federal mitigation and early release. The climate there is very harsh. We've had an extremely harsh winter.
It's time for her to face the harsh realities of this situation. The accident serves as a harsh reminder of the importance of wearing a seat belt. The lighting in the room was very harsh. The state has established harsh penalties for drug dealers.
She has been criticized for her harsh treatment of her students. Harsh prison sentences will prevent people from committing crime. Punishment is defined as the infliction or imposition of a penalty as retribution for an offense (Oxford Dictionary).