Chamberlain ordered the 20th Maine Regiment to execute a daring counterattack against the 15th Alabama Regiment of the Confederate Army on July 2nd during the Battle of Gettysburg. At the extreme left flank of the Union Army, the 20th Maine fought off repeated assaults for the past several hours against the determined Confederate Soldiers. A Leader of Character Raised from a modest life in the small town of Brewer Maine, Joshua Chamberlain chose the professions of ministry and academia filling in the post of Professor of Rhetoric at Bowdoin College during the tumultuous s. As the Civil War broke out, Chamberlain felt the impulse to serve based on his belief in preserving the union and his moral conviction against the institution of slavery.
Chamberlain Museum Biography of Joshua L. Chamberlain Biography of Joshua L. Entering Bowdoin College in Brunswick inChamberlain studied the traditional classical curriculum and showed particular skill at languages.
At First Parish Church, he met Fannie Adams, the adopted daughter of the minister; they were to marry inafter a long courtship. But first Chamberlain took his Bowdoin A. Turning down the Joshua l chamberlain to become a minister or missionary, he accepted a position at Bowdoin teaching rhetoric which combined elements of what we would now call speech with English literature and persuasive writing and, later, modern languages i.
A good scholar, he was also an orthodox Congregationalist — an important factor to his Bowdoin colleagues, for the College was embroiled in the denominational quarrels of the day.
Chamberlain knew little of soldiering — despite a short time as a boy at a military school at Ellsworth — but he was keenly aware that his father had commanded troops in the bloodless Aroostook War of with Canada, his grandfather had been locally prominent in the War ofand his great-grandfathers had participated in the Revolution.
When the sectional crisis led to civil war inChamberlain felt a strong Joshua l chamberlain to fight to save the union.
Although sympathetic to the plight of the slaves, he is not known to have been an abolitionist and showed little interest, after the war, in the cause of the freedmen. But the college was reluctant to lose his services.
He was soon made lieutenant colonel of the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment. His extraordinary Civil War career is much admired today, thanks to books like John J.
From Antietam in to the triumphal grand review of the armies in May ofChamberlain saw much of the war in the East, including 24 battles and numerous skirmishes. He was wounded six times — once, almost fatally — and had six horses shot from under him.
He is best remembered for two great events: Brevet Major General Chamberlain returned briefly to his academic duties at Bowdoin, but was soon elected as a popular war hero to four terms as governor of Maine — helping establish a century of domination of Maine politics by the Republican Party.
Chamberlain was never a member of the inner circle of the party and was distrusted by its leading politicians, but in his years as chief executive he helped establish the new agricultural and technical college at Orono eventually to grow into the University of Mainetried to attract investment into a state whose economy was beginning to decline, and persuaded Scandinavian immigrants to take up farming at New Sweden and elsewhere in Maine.
He continued to live in Brunswick, taking the train to Augusta as state business required. Rather than go into finance or railroads like so many young Civil War generals, former Governor Chamberlain returned to Bowdoin; he was to spend far more of his life as an educator than as a soldier.
Inhe was persuaded to accept the presidency of the college at a low point in its fortunes. Remembering the engineering skills of West Point-trained officers and trying to adjust to a new age, Chamberlain reshaped the curriculum to include modern scientific and engineering subjects — a short-lived experiment that produced at least one very famous alumnus, the polar explorer Admiral Robert Peary, Class of This inflexibilty in his character was less suited to civilian life, however, and led to the biggest defeat of his career — at the hands of his students.
Throughout the s and s, he continued to write, teach, lecture, and participate actively in the G. He represented the United States at the Paris Exposition of and wrote a long report on education in France.
His reputation for coolness and courage was confirmed in when, as commander of the militia, he was called to keep order in Augusta amid an angrily disputed state election.
In Congress finally gave him the Medal of Honor for gallantry at Gettysburg. Chamberlain spent much of the final three decades of his life in business ventures including speculation in Florida real estate and in writing accounts of his battles. In Fannie Chamberlain died. Of their five children, two had survived to adulthood.
In Chamberlain was appointed Surveyor of the Port of Portland, where he lived until his death in at age Although never forgotten in Maine, Chamberlain largely faded from national view for most of the 20th century.
No statue of him was ever erected at Gettysburg; few historians studied his campaigns. But amid the surge of interest in the Civil War in the s he has re-emerged as an exemplary figure among the Union generals, the very model of the citizen-soldier.Joshua L.
Chamberlain Civil War Round Table. 59 likes. A forum for all interested in learning, writing, presenting and discussing the ideas and events. The Joshua L. Chamberlain Museum For more than 50 years, this Potter Street building was home to Joshua L. Chamberlain.
Just like the man himself, this house went through incredible transformations during its life, gaining fame and witnessing major historic events.
Joshua Chamberlain summary: Joshua Chamberlain was born in Brewer, Maine and was the oldest child of the family with four siblings. His parents were Joshua Chamberlain and Sarah Dupree. Chamberlain married his wife Fanny Adams and eventually they had 5 children. Unfortunately, one of them died as a.
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain () A Bowdoin College professor, Joshua L. Chamberlain went to the Maine state capital to offer his services in Offered the colonelcy of a regiment, he declined, according to John J.
Pullen in The 20th Maine, preferring to "start a little lower and learn the business first. " He was made lieutenant. Joshua Chamberlain was born in in Brewer, Maine. He is best known for the courage he showed as colonel of the 20th Maine regiment that fought heroically in the Battle of Gettysburg in Born: Sep 08, Combat leaders of today’s Army are fortunate to have such a role model as Joshua L.
Chamberlain upon which to study and emulate. Captain David Weart is .