His siblings Arnaldo and Edvige followed. Inat the anniversary of Garibaldi's death, Mussolini made a public speech in praise of the republican nationalist. As a compromise with his mother, Mussolini was sent to a boarding school run by Salesian monks. After joining a new school, Mussolini achieved good grades, and qualified as an elementary schoolmaster in
Benito Mussolini Italian politician, journalist, and autobiographer. One of the most notorious dictators of the twentieth century, Mussolini left an important body of writings that reveal his transition from socialist agitator to founder and leader of Italian fascism.
Both his journalistic output and his political ideology were strongly marked by a hyperbolic call to action and a defiant tone of rebellion as well as nationalist rhetoric regarding his belief in the possibility of a rebirth of the ideals of classical Rome.
His father, a blacksmith with anarchist leanings, named him after three renowned revolutionaries. His mother, an elementary school teacher, was devoutly Catholic, sometimes to the point of mysticism, and she convinced Mussolini early on that he was destined for greatness.
The young Mussolini was an avid reader of political and philosophical works—most significantly those of Friedrich Nietzsche and Niccolo Machiavelli—but, lacking motivation and acutely aware of his low social status, he drifted among odd jobs at one point working as a French teacher for several years before emigrating to Switzerland.
There he lived homeless and unemployed for a time and was eventually taken in by a group of revolutionary Italian socialists. Mussolini soon proved himself a fiery orator for the socialist cause, and in he became an editor at an Italian socialist newspaper in Trent, Austria, where he refined his propagandist writing.
In Mussolini was appointed editor-in-chief of Avanti! He was Opic mussolini and fascist italy essay successful as a journalist and rose to a place of prominence in the Socialist Party. In he married Rachele Guidi, with whom he had lived since When Italy entered the war that year, Mussolini enlisted in the army; he saw active service but was released after being wounded in a practice session in He resumed publication of his newspaper in The group failed to make serious inroads in the election of but soon gained strong support among both wealthy landowners and the impoverished masses.
The party also featured the Blackshirts—squads of thugs officially responsible for beating and brutalizing dissenters, including Catholics, liberals, and socialists. In response to the ensuing panic, King Victor Emmanuel III appointed Mussolini prime minister, with the responsibility of creating a new Italian government.
Mussolini was officially installed as leader in ; although the Fascists employed ballot-box fraud to ensure his victory, he received more than enough genuine votes to elect him.
His rigid policies helped lift Italy out of its economic depression, and his passionate rhetoric promising a return to Italian imperialism further fueled the nationalist fervor.
A parliamentary crisis followed, and the Fascists were widely denounced by their opposition. Subsequently, Mussolini reinstated his absolute dictatorship, creating policies of censorship and anti-unionism.
He also signed the Lateran Treaty, which ended the discord between the Italian government and the Roman Catholic Church, establishing Vatican City and placing the pope in the role of sovereign; this move ensured an end to the Catholic stance against the Mussolini-led government. Italy suffered devastating defeats in Africa and Greece, and Mussolini himself fell into physical and mental collapse.
King Victor Emmanuel and Fascist Party leaders quickly lost confidence in Mussolini, removing him from office and placing him under arrest at Mount Gran Sasso. German planes rescued him from his prison, and Hitler installed him as a puppet leader of the Italian Social Republic in northern Italy, where he became more detached from reality.
But when Allied forces moved further into Italy, and an Allied victory was imminent, Mussolini was captured by communist rebels when he tried to escape to Austria with his mistress, Clara Petacci.
Major Works Despite his alliance with Hitler, Mussolini was well-regarded by his fellow Italians and by many in the international community, largely because of his reputation as a no-nonsense upstart with grandiose plans for Italy and because, unlike Hitler, he focused his message on Italian nationalism rather than racial purity.
Even in his earliest forays into journalism, he exhibited an unusual talent for stirring emotions; the headlines he wrote, in particular, are remembered for their propagandistic, attention-grabbing quality. By the time he was appointed prime minister—threatening to seize the position by force if necessary—he had capitalized on this talent to present himself as a dynamic, charismatic leader who would lead Italy out of its chronic disorder and agrarian-based economy.
He was especially noted for his speeches, which were impassioned but controlled and staccato, during which he exploited his personal magnetism and sexual bravado. But his success was in great part due to his encouragement of police brutality and his notion of himself as infallible dictator.
He frequently sanctioned the assassinations of those he considered enemies, ruthlessly tortured and executed artists and intellectuals during his failed campaign to annex Ethiopia, and ultimately led Italy to disaster and indignity because of his appetite for ever-greater power.After Benito Mussolini took power in , life in Italy radically changed.
Every person in the nation was forced to sign up as a member of the National Fascist Party, and to swear allegiance to both Mussolini and to the ideals of fascism. Benito Mussolini was Italy's firs Fascist dictator.
He had many influences in his life which contributed to his political success as a fascist dictator.
Mussolini and his fascist political party believed in ruling Italy using a system of extreme right-wing dictatorial government/5(6). Benito Mussolini was the man who brought this fascist ideology to Italy. Mussolini has been looking for the perfect opportunity to take complete control of a country and now was the time to do so.
Fascist organization was founded by Benito Mussolini on March 23, The word "fascism" comes from the Italian word fascio (bundle, the bundle, the alliance). Organization that had been created by Mussolini was called "Fasho di Kombatimento" (Union of Struggle).
Q: 'TO WHAT EXTENT DID MUSSOLINI SUCCEED IN CAPTURING THE HEARTS AND MINDS OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE IN ITALY ?' My answer: During the years , Mussolini had worked hard to indoctrinate the 5/5(1).
Q: 'TO WHAT EXTENT DID MUSSOLINI SUCCEED IN CAPTURING THE HEARTS AND MINDS OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE IN ITALY ?' My answer: During the years , Mussolini had worked hard to indoctrinate the young Italians with different Fascist principles.5/5(1).