Answer one of the following questions: Discuss the role and place of women in The Epic of Son-Jara.
Epic of Sundiata A modern balafon. The balafon plays an important role in the Epic of Sundiata. She was constantly teased and ridiculed openly for her son's disability. This significantly affected Sundiata and he was determined to do everything he possibly could in order to walk like his peers.
Through this determination, he one day miraculously got up and walked. Among his peers, he became a leader. To escape persecution and threats on her son's life, Sogolon took her children, Sundiata and his sisters, into exile.
This exile lasted for many years and took them to different countries within the Ghana Empire and eventually to Mema where the king of Mema granted them asylum.
Sundiata was admired by the King of Mema for his courage and tenacity. As such, he Son jara given a senior position within the kingdom. Upon finding him in Mema, they persuaded him to come back in order to liberate the Mandinkas and their homeland.
On his return, he was accompanied by an army given to him by the King of Mema. The warlords of Mali at the time who were his age group included: It was on the plain of Siby var: Sibi where they formed a pact brotherhood in order to liberate their country and people from the powerful Sosso king.
He was the first of the Mandinka line of kings to adopt the royal title Mansa king or emperor in the Mandinka language. Conversely, the written sources left out other pieces of information that the oral tradition includes. The name Sogolon derives from his mother and Jata means lion. It is the traditional way of praising someone in some West African societies GambiaSenegalMali and Guinea in particular.
The name Sundiata praises him through his mother which means "the lion of Sogolon" or "Sogolon's lion". The name Jata derives from Jara lion. Jara and many of its variations such as jata, jala or jada are merely regional variations, from Gambia, Guinea or Mali, for instance.
Sundiata's name is thus a derivation of his mother's name Songolon Son or its variation Sun and Jata lion. He, Soumaoro, was known as the sorcerer king, for he was adept in the magical arts, though he used them to propel his tyrannical schemes.
With great magical ability, a mighty army of blacksmiths, and a dictators character, any place under his rule despised him. He was especially known as a notoriously cruel leader, stealing wives and queens from their royal families, pillaging conquered territories, and killing anyone who opposed his rule.
His crudeness was not spared in Mali either, and he ruled with an iron fist. Upon knowledge of Sundiata returning to Mali from his asylum in Mema, Soumaoro, too busy fighting off Fakoli, sent his son, Sosso Balla. Fakoli Koroma, who Soumaoro was busy fighting instead of Sundiata, was the insurgent nephew of Soumaoro, who rebelled against his uncle when Soumaoro took his wife.
Soumaoro did not die instantly from this arrow, but he would soon die hobbling to the insides of a cave. Konate, Conateh English spelling in the Gambia where the Mandinkas make up the largest ethnic group.
Both points of contention agree that Keita is not a real surname, but rather a royal name, in spite of the fact that Sundiata is referred to as Sundiata Keita in many scholarly works. Battle of Kirina[ edit ] Further information: Battle of Kirina and Military history of the Mali Empire Terracotta archer figure from Mali 13thth centurywith a quiver on his back.
The bow and quiver of arrows were the symbols of power in Imperial Mali. Jara KanteSoumaoro's father gained control of Koumbi Salehdethroned a Muslim dynasty and continued the Diarisso Dynasty variation: Jariso or Jarisso whose son Soumaoro went on to succeed him and launched an offensive against the Mandinkas.
That was an addition by Delafosee which was contrary to the original sources. Although a valiant warrior, Soumaoro was defeated at The Battle of Kirina c. According to Fyle, Soumaoro was the inventor of the balafon and the dan a four-string guitar used by the hunters and griots. The former allies of Soumaoro were also later defeated, in particular the king of Jolof.
Serer oral tradition speaks of a Serer king of Jolof, involved in the occult just as Soumaorowho was later defeated by Tiramakhan Traore one of the generals of Sundiata after Sundiata sent his men to buy horses in Jolof.The Epic of Son-Jara records the deeds and exploits of Son-Jara, otherwise known as sundiata, a 13th-century king and the legendary founder of Mali, a West African kingdom.
The original Epic ofSon-Jara was composed in the Mande language as an oral tale passed down by generations of griots to their. Son-Jara is both the main character and the name of an epic tale. It's kind of one of those The Odyssey/Odysseus things.
For anybody striving to break the bonds of literary eurocentrism, this is a tale that deserves to be placed next to The Odyssey and the Iliad. Unlike many works of literature, the. The Epic of Son-Jara is the most recently published version of the three (), and also the most faithfully rendered, down to the responses of the naamu-sayer given in parentheses after each line.
Son-Jara, however, can be a challenging read for those unfamiliar with Manding culture.
Son-Jara takes a fierce dog with a weight around its neck. The dog tore up Dankaran Tuman's toothless dog. The Berete woman banishes Son-Jara with his mother and 2 siblings (sister Sugulun Kulukan, who later helped defeat Sumamuru by becoming his mistress and learning the magic that could defeat him; also brother Manden Bukari)/5(1).
Son-Jara Keita: The hero of the epic and the founder of the Mali Empire. He is the son of Fata Magan the Handsome and Sugulun Kòndè. He is the son of Fata Magan the Handsome and Sugulun Kòndè.
He is also called Nare Magen Kònate. Son-Jara's father (and therefore Son-Jara as well) is a descendent of Bilal, suggesting both his authority & perhaps a sense of magic or power.
Saman Berete first wife of .