To the general and historian, Thucydides, the Peloponnesian War was the greatest war because it lasted for such a long time and during this time it caused much suffering for the Greeks.
The causes of the main Peloponnesian War need to be traced at least to the early s—the Great Gap period—although if Thucydides was right in his general explanation for the war, namely Spartan fear of Athenian expansion, the development of the entire… The Athenian alliance was, in fact, an empire that included most of the island and coastal states around the northern and eastern shores of the Aegean Sea.
Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greeceas well as the sea power Corinth.
Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army.
Further, the Athenians were better prepared financially than their enemies, owing to the large war chest they had amassed from the regular tribute they received from their empire.
In the following years their respective blocs observed an uneasy peace.
The events that led to renewed hostilities began inwhen Athens allied itself with Corcyra modern Corfua strategically important colony of Corinth. Sparta and its allies accused Athens of aggression and threatened war.
On the advice of Periclesits most influential leader, Athens refused to back down. Diplomatic efforts to resolve the dispute failed. Finally, in the spring ofa Spartan ally, Thebesattacked an Athenian ally, Plataeaand open war began.
The years of fighting that followed can be divided into two periods, separated by a truce of six years. The first period lasted 10 years and began with the Spartans, under Archidamus IIleading an army into Atticathe region around Athens.
Within a few months, however, Pericles fell victim to a terrible plague that raged through the crowded city, killing a large part of its army as well as many civilians.
Thucydides survived an attack of the plague and left a vivid account of its impact on Athenian morale. In the meantime —the Spartans attacked Athenian bases in western Greece but were repulsed.
The Spartans also suffered reverses at sea.
In they tried to aid the island state of Lesbosa tributary of Athens that was planning to revolt. But the revolt was headed off by the Athenians, who won control of the chief city, Mytilene.
Urged on by the demagogue Cleonthe Athenians voted to massacre the men of Mytilene and enslave everyone else, but they relented the next day and killed only the leaders of the revolt.
Spartan initiatives during the plague years were all unsuccessful except for the capture of the strategic city Plataea in In the next few years the Athenians took the offensive. They attacked the Sicilian city Syracuse and campaigned in western Greece and the Peloponnese itself.
In the picture was bleak for Sparta, which began to sue for peace.
But led by Brasidashero of the Battle of Delium, a Spartan force gained important successes in Chalcidice inencouraging Athenian subject states to revolt. In a decisive battle at Amphipolis inboth Brasidas and the Athenian leader Cleon were killed.
The so-called Peace of Nicias began in and lasted six years.The Cause of the Peloponnesian War The immediate cause of the Peloponnesian War was Corinthian opportunism.
Thucydides is mistaken in his famous assertion that "[w]hat made war inevitable was the growth of Athenian power and the fear which this caused in Sparta". . The Causes of the Peloponnesian War: Ephorus, Thucydides and Their Critics Giovanni Parmeggiani The causes of the Peloponnesian War constitute such a persistent theme in discussions of fifth-century Greek history, in part because of the complexity of the aetiological view .
The Causes of the Peloponnesian War.
Aug 21, · Watch video · The story of the Trojan War—the Bronze Age conflict between the kingdoms of Troy and Mycenaean Greece–straddles the history and mythology of ancient Greece and inspired the greatest writers of. Many excellent historians have discussed the causes of the Peloponnesian War (), and many more will do so, but Thucydides, who lived at the time of the war, should be the first place you look. In the first book of his history, participant observer and historian Thucydides records the causes. The Causes of the Peloponnesian War. By. Carol Duff, MSN, BA, RN-January 17, The long-term cause of the war was the growth of Athenian power and the short-term cause was the fear that the paranoid society of Sparta had of Athens. Sparta did not want to weaken the Peleponnesian League, but Corinth felt more comfortable.
By. Carol Duff, MSN, BA, RN-January 17, The long-term cause of the war was the growth of Athenian power and the short-term cause was the fear that the paranoid society of Sparta had of Athens.
Sparta did not want to weaken the Peleponnesian League, but Corinth felt more comfortable. The causes of the main Peloponnesian War need to be traced at least to the early s—the Great Gap period—although if Thucydides was right in his general explanation for the war, namely Spartan fear of Athenian expansion, the development of the entire Athens and Sparta had fought each other.
This was the first cause of the war that Corinth had against the Athenians, viz., that they had fought against them with the Corcyraeans in time of treaty. Almost immediately after this, fresh differences arose between the Athenians and Peloponnesians, and contributed their share to the war.
Aug 21, · Watch video · The story of the Trojan War—the Bronze Age conflict between the kingdoms of Troy and Mycenaean Greece–straddles the history and mythology of ancient Greece and inspired the greatest writers of.